Friend or foe, fire is an everyday reality and whether it is used for productive purposes or ignited unwittingly, fire extinguishing equipment should always be close-at-hand to prevent human injury and costly damage to property. For all large organisations around the world, fire management is a top priority and teams of highly-trained fire fighters are on standby around the clock, armed to the teeth with state-of-the-art fire engines and fire-fighting gear, ready to put their lives on the line to save the lives of others.One such entity is Airports Company South Africa (ACSA), managing 10 South African international airports, including OR Tambo International, Cape Town International and King Shaka International (Durban). As a member of the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO), ACSA is governed by several safety regulations to ensure safety for passengers and airliners at all its airports.
OR Tambo International is a Category 9 airport (according to ICAO grading, capable of accommodating the world’s largest passenger airliner, the Airbus 380) and, therefore, must be equipped with at least three fire tenders (fire trucks), with a combined water-carrying capacity of 24 300 litres and a dry chemical powder capacity of 450 kg with a water/foam discharge rate of 11 900 litres-per-minute.
To comply with ICAO regulations, ACSA has deployed the world’s best fire tenders at all its airports, the Rosenbauer Panther fire body, built on an MAN SX 43.1000 chassis-cab. The 8x8 Panther is a 745 kW (1 000 hp) all-terrain vehicle with a top speed of 135 km/h. It has a water-carrying capacity of 12 000 litres and a foam-concentrate carrying capacity of 1 500 litres. The Panther can discharge its payload in under two minutes and is fitted with both an hydraulic and electric power-take-off (PTO) to ensure zero-failure of the hydrant-pump system.
According to ACSA’s Clive Naidoo (manager, fire and rescue service at OR Tambo International), “the Panther is 3,5 metres wide and 13,5 metres long and complies with all local bridge height restrictions. It has two steering axles up front and the cab is fitted to comfortably accommodate three emergency response personnel. The Rosenbauer body is equipped with all the necessary rescue equipment, including ‘jaws of life’, extra lighting gear, cutting equipment, ladders and breathing apparatus.
“Weighing in at a fully-laden 42 tons, the Panther is swift on its rubber, reaching a speed of 80 km/h in less than 40 seconds, safely satisfying a stringent ICAO ‘rapid speed/response’ criterion,” said Naidoo.
“With all-wheel drive, differential locks on all axles, inter-axle locks and single tyres, together with the NATO-approved coil spring suspension system, the 8x8 MAN Panther is very well suited for on and off-runway operations. A roof turret can discharge water at a rate of 6 000 litres-per-minute with a range of 70 metres, while a bumper turret discharges 1 000 litres-per-minute with a range of 40 metres. A 500 kg dry chemical system on the MAN Panther discharges 2,5 kg per second with a throwing range of 8 metres.”
Additional safety systems include seven under-body water nozzles that discharge
75 litres of water per minute to protect the Panther’s tyres and chassis from fire. “First-Aid” or “Rapid Intervention” 40-metre long hose reels capable of discharging 400 litres-per-minute are fitted to both sides of the Panther.
“Contrary to popular belief, it is not fire but smoke that is the number-one killer in an inferno,” explains Naidoo. “The Panther has several hi-tech features to prevent asphyxiation including a high-reach extendable turret fitted with a thermal imaging camera that searches for hotspots inside the plane’s fuselage, obviating the need for personnel to enter the aircraft. The turret can pierce the fuselage and discharge water and foam to extinguish the blaze and release heat and smoke.”
Since its take-over of the management of South Africa’s major airports in 1994, ACSA has followed a consistent fleet replacement programme with MAN and Rosenbauer.
According to Bruce Dickson, management board member: marketing communications, MAN Truck & Bus SRM: “MAN is a key supplier to emergency response fleets across southern Africa and as such, has highly-skilled technicians and a comprehensive parts inventory to ensure the vehicles it supplies to these fleets are consistently at the ready.”
In conclusion, Naidoo states: “The MAN Panther is an extremely reliable truck and the semi-automatic transmission and engine-clutch retarder ensure there’s very little wear on the driveline and ABS brake system, which helps significantly reduce our maintenance and general operating expenses.”
They cost a cool R16 million or so, but the Panther is worth every cent. From the MAN chassis-cab plant in Germany, to the Rosenbauer body-building factory in Austria, down the Atlantic coast to Durban and into the heartland of SA, the Panther can go anywhere, making its home wherever the threat of fire lurks.